To protect yourself and your loved ones from getting HIV it is necessary to:
- Know the ways HIV is transmitted
- Get regularly tested for HIV
- Use condoms
Ways HIV is transmitted and HIV prevention
Blood to blood
- Use of individual sterile needles and syringes
- Sterilization of the equipment for injections, piercing and tattooing
- Abstinence from sex
- Having a permanent HIV-negative sexual partner
- Use of condoms
From mother to child
- Antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy and childbirth
- Caesarean section for medical reasons
- Formula feeding
The advantages of using condoms:
Condoms protect against most sexually transmitted infections, and significantly reduce the likelihood of unplanned pregnancy
Condoms have no side effects and are not harmful to health
Compared to medical treatment, condoms are a more available and cheaper means of personal protection
When choosing a condom please verify:
- Expiration date and the number of production
- Condoms must not be sticky, hard to the touch, or easily breakable
- A package must be intact
If the sell-by date on a pack has not expired and the condoms meet the state standards of Ukraine, their damage (tearing or slipping) is usually caused by incorrect use, and not by the low quality of material or manufacturing defects.
Condoms can be damaged by:
By sharp objects (e.g., jewels and accessories, including intimate and piercing items), or by sharp nails while opening a pack or putting a condom on.
Fat-containing lubricants (i.e., oils, massage oils, lotions, creams, and soft petroleum ointment), spermicidal agents, or candles that corrode latex and cause ruptures of a condom. You should use only special water based lubricants.
Due to improper storage (keeping it open in the sun, near a heating radiator, or keeping it in a wallet or a trouser pocket for a long time).
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